Higgs Boson

  1. Six years after its discovery, the Higgs boson has at last been observed decaying into fundamental particles known as bottom quarks.
  2. The Higgs boson is an elementary particle in the Standard Model of particle physics, produced by the quantum excitation of the Higgs field, one of the fields in particle physics theory. 
  3. It is named after physicist Peter Higgs, who in 1964, along with six other scientists, proposed the mechanism, which suggested the existence of such a particle. 
  4. Its existence was confirmed by the ATLAS and CMS collaborations based on collisions in the LHC at CERN.

What is Large Hadron Collider (LHC)

  1. LHC is the world’s largest and most powerful particle accelerator situated in a tunnel beneath the France Switzerland border near Geneva.
  2. It is built by European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN).
  3. It’s aim is to allow physicists to test the predictions of different theories of particle physics and high-energy physics, and particularly prove or disprove the existence of the theorized Higgs boson and of the large family of new particles predicted by supersymmetric theories.
  4. The LHC consists of a 27-kilometre ring of superconducting magnets with a number of accelerating structures to boost the energy of the particles along the way.

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